What Are The Best Glycolic Acid Cleansers?

Here are the best glycolic acid cleansers:

  1. Botanic Tree Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser
  2. Body Merry Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser
  3. Glytone Mild Cream Cleanser
  4. L'Oreal Paris Brightening Daily Scrub Cleanser
  5. QRxLabs Glycolic Acid Gel Cleanser
  6. Mario Badescu Glycolic Foaming Cleanser
  7. Murad AHA/BHA Exfoliating Cleanser
  8. Peter Thomas Roth 3% Glycolic Solutions Cleanser
  9. Anthony Glycolic Facial Cleanser
  10. Jack Black Deep Dive Glycolic Facial Cleanser

1. Botanic Tree Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Acne, Oily Skin, Dark Spots

Key Ingredients:
10% Glycolic Acid
Tea Tree Oil
Lavender Oil
Shea Butter
Willow Bark Extract

Get It @ Amazon

Botanic Tree Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser

2. Body Merry Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Blackheads, Dark Spots, Rough Skin

Key Ingredients:
2.5% Glycolic Acid
Willow Bark Extract
Kojic Acid
Olive Oil
Rosehip Oil
Jojoba Oil

Get It @ Amazon

Body Merry Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Cleanser

3. Glytone Mild Cream Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Dry Skin, Sensitive Skin

Key Ingredients:
3.4% Free Acid Value Glycolic Acid
Glycerin

Get It @ Amazon

Glytone Mild Cream Cleanser

4. L'Oreal Paris Brightening Daily Scrub Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Budget Pick, Daily Scrub

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Vitamin C
Glycerin
Natural Volcanic Particles

Get It @ Amazon

L'Oreal Paris Brightening Daily Scrub Cleanser

5. QRxLabs Glycolic Acid Gel Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Acne, Dark Spots, Anti-Aging

Key Ingredients:
5% Glycolic Acid
Coconut Milk
Honey
Sweet Almond Oil
Vitamin E

Get It @ Amazon

QRxLabs 5% Glycolic Acid Gel Cleanser

6. Mario Badescu Glycolic Foaming Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Dull Skin, Congestion

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Chamomile
St. John's Wort
Marshmallow
Sage & Yarrow

Get It @ Amazon

Mario Badescu Glycolic Foaming Cleanser

7. Murad AHA/BHA Exfoliating Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Anti-Aging, Hydration

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Lactic Acid
Salicylic Acid

Get It @ Amazon

Murad AHA BHA Exfoliating Cleanser

8. Peter Thomas Roth 3% Glycolic Solutions Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Wrinkles, Fine Lines, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
3% Glycolic Acid
Panthenol
Arginine

Get It @ Amazon

Peter Thomas Roth 3% Glycolic Solutions Cleanser

9. Anthony Glycolic Facial Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Pre-Shave, Clogged Pores, Ingrown Hairs, Razor Bumps

Key Ingredients:
4.2% Glycolic Acid
Aloe Vera
Vitamin A / C / E

Get It @ Amazon

Anthony Glycolic Facial Cleanser

10. Jack Black Deep Dive Glycolic Facial Cleanser

Summary:

Best For: Detoxifying, Acne, Oily Skin

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Kaolin Clay
Volcanic Ash

Get It @ Amazon

Jack Black Deep Dive Glycolic Facial Cleanser

I tried Exposed Skin Care over 8 years ago (2012) and posted a review on my old WordPress blog, Honest Acne Reviews. The company is still operating today and the products have been virtually unchanged since my last review.

(note: I will be updating this review once I receive my order of Exposed Skin Care in 2020)

What Is Exposed Skin Care?

If you’ve never heard of Exposed before, they are kind of like Proactiv but without the infomercials, mall kiosks and celebrity endorsements.

Exposed Skin Care is an on-line company based in Seattle, USA that  focuses on selling complete acne treatment kits with all the products you need for a comprehensive acne-fighting regimen.

Basically, they manufacture their own brand of cleanser, toner, active treatment and moisturizer – package them together into a nice kit and ship it to your door step!

Pros

Cons

Here are some of my original photos of Exposed Skin Care:

Exposed Skin Care
Exposed Skin Care Basic Kit + Probiotic Complex
Exposed Skin Care Instructions
Lots of information on the back!

I bought the Basic Kit (5-piece) and the Probiotic Complex:

Exposed Skin Care Basic Kit
I remember being super excited to open this box! Nostalgia 🙂
Exposed Skin Care Basic Kit Products

Okay, that’s nice and all – but how is Exposed any different from the endless sea of other on-line acne companies? Let’s take a look at some of the differences…

How Is Exposed Skin Care Different?

Unconditional 1-Year Money Back Guarantee

In my opinion, this is the biggest difference about Exposed Skin Care. No other competitor in the industry comes even close to offering a similar guarantee.

There’s plenty of 30-day and even 3-month money back guarantees but Exposed is the only company that offers a 365-day guarantee.

Why is this such a big deal? The fact that you can get a refund within a year’s time is not the important point here. Whenever a company offers some kind of guarantee, they are expressing their confidence in their product’s ability to deliver results and satisfy customers.

In other words, only companies with great products will offer guarantees because they know that only a small portion of their customers will want refunds.

On the other hand, a company with shoddy products cannot afford such a guarantee because a greater percentage of their customers will be unsatisfied.

In reality, Exposed is using its money back guarantee to signal to customers that its products are truly top-of-the-line and better than its competitors.

Personally, I have never used the money back guarantee because Exposed products have always worked to some degree for me. I find them more effective than your typical grocery store brands but keep in mind they are not miracle workers.

Clear Skin In 30 Days Guarantee

Whenever you hear about some kind of “clear skin” or “acne free” guarantee, always take it with a huge grain of salt. Over the years, I have come across hundreds of testimonials about products that claim to cure acne in 3 days, 7 days, 30 days, etc.

I strongly believe that there’s no universal way of predicting the amount of time it takes for acne to get better – people have different levels of acne with differing complications in different situations. With so many underlying variables, it’s impossible to claim that any product can cure acne in x days.

This aspect is more of a marketing strategy to get you to try Exposed Skin Care for 30 days and see if it helps your acne. While you need to be skeptical of claims like this, it is yet another signal from Exposed that they have confidence in their products. I personally didn’t get “clear skin” in 30 days but I was still fairly pleased with the effectiveness of the products.

Natural Ingredients

Exposed products contain multiple natural ingredients intended to remedy acne-prone skin. These ingredients include:

Exposed is clearly a company that takes its business seriously – its efforts to incorporate natural ingredients in addition to conventional agents like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid is a testament to the research and dedication behind their products.

While it’s difficult to say whether the natural ingredients are making a significant contribution, there’s no doubt in my mind that Exposed products are of a much higher caliber than most of the other stuff I’ve tried.

Exposed Skin Care Website

I can’t help but put this one on the list as well. Exposed has got an amazing website that contains a wealth of information about acne treatment.

There are articles on everything from explanations of acne to the effects of stress on acne and even natural acne remedies you can make at home.

For me, this really says something about the folks over at Exposed – they’re not just interested in selling you products, they also want to equip you with useful information on acne treatment. Just like the money back guarantees, this part makes me feel better about buying Exposed products.

Verdict

Exposed Skin Care is definitely a hidden goldmine for mainstream acne sufferers. It’s a shame because Exposed offers above-average performance for the same price range as its competitors like Proactiv.

Also keep in mind that on-line products are slightly more expensive and typically come in smaller quantities than grocery brands.

I would recommend anyone with low to moderate acne to try the basic 5-piece kit from Exposed. This will get you started with a decent cleanser, toner and two forms of acne treatment. Hey, it even comes with a special microderm cloth!

Exposed Skin Care Facial Cleanser Review

The Exposed Skin Care facial cleanser combines high quality and natural ingredients in a comfortable and clean gel-based product.

I absolutely love the smoothness of this cleanser because it’s gentle and glides easily across my skin – if you’ve used this before, you know what I’m talking about! In short, this cleanser has an amazing texture and works wonderfully at cleaning the skin.

This is the cleanser that I currently use as part of my acne regimen. I use it because my face feels very clean and hydrated afterwards. That’s right, I feel hydrated after using this cleanser! This is because the cleanser was designed to be pH-balanced and free of irritating ingredients.

Pros

Cons

Exposed Skin Care Facial Cleanser

Here’s what Exposed has to say about their product:

“The first step to clear skin is clean skin. The Exposed facial cleanser is a rich yet gentle face wash that is soap-free, non-comedogenic and hypo-allergenic. It is packed with skin clearing ingredients including a special formulation of alpha & beta hydroxy acids and olive leaf extract. It removes the oil and dirt from your face while penetrating your pores to kill acne causing bacteria and maintaining your skin’s lipid layer. It does not contain any harsh and irritating detergents such as lauryl and laureth sulfates and is an important step in the Exposed acne treatment system.”

Ingredients

1.0% Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is a popular ingredient for acne treatment because of its ability to penetrate oily layers of skin and unplug pores. A beta-hydroxy acid, it is extracted from the bark of the willow tree and can be quite effective as a chemical exfoliator.

Salicylic acid helps exfoliate dead skin cells clogged up in pores which allows the inflammed pore to heal and shrink down to normal size. Due to its chemical structure, salicylic acid can penetrate deep into the lipid layers of the skin where water-soluble substances cannot reach.

Pro-Vitamin B5

Also known as pantothenic acid, it is one of the eight B vitamins and is necessary for the healthy function of skin, hair, eyes and liver. Vitamin B5 is recognized for promoting skin hydration and regeneration for a healthy skin tone.

Sage Extract

Sage is a type of herb generally used for medicine and renowned for its healing powers. There are claims that sage can heal scars and promote skin regeneration. Sage is a natural ingredient (not chemically modified) that also has anti-oxidant properties.

Verdict

This is an excellent facial cleanser for everyone. It cleans the skin but is not overdrying and contains an excellent blend of natural and scientific ingredients. In my opinion, it is definitely worth the money but I highly recommend buying it as part of the bundled kit because this is more cost-effective.

Be careful with how much you use – I find that a smaller amount does the trick here. Squeeze out a little bit of cleanser onto your hand. Gently rub it across your forehead and then along the cheeks and neck. Massage the skin for 30-60 seconds and rinse well.

If you like, you can also use the Exposed Derm-X cloth to wipe the cleanser away. This is very effective for gently exfoliating the skin and leaving your face feeling absolutely fresh!

Lastly, in my experience one bottle will not last you 60 days (although Exposed claims this is a 60-day supply). When used conservatively and effectively, this cleanser should last you around 1.5 months (45 days). However I use it day and night so depending on your situation, this may be different.

Exposed Skin Care Clearing Tonic Review

Nnext, I take a look at the Exposed Clearing Tonic included in all Exposed kits. Weighing in at 4.0 oz and boasting active ingredients of salicylic acid, green tea extract and passion flower – it packs a one-two punch to whiteheads and round-house kicks clogged pores – the Toner from Exposed Skin Care!

Pros

Cons

Exposed Skin Care Clearing Tonic

Packaged in a container identical to the facial cleanser, the Exposed Clearing Tonic is intended to remedy problem skin through natural extracts and clear away dirt and oils.

I am a big fan of this toner for 3 reasons: it is gentle and soothing on the skin, it contains high quality ingredients that rejuvenate the skin layer and it does an excellent job of removing grime in order to prepare the skin for further treatment.

My only concern is that the bottle will not last very long if you’re like me and you use toners night and day. I feel that this product is slightly less cost-effective and I would not recommend it as a stand-alone product. However, bundled with the Exposed Kit it’s not a bad choice.

Ingredients

Salicylic Acid

One of the two main ingredients in anti-acne products, salicylic acid belongs to the beta-hydroxy acid family and is used to penetrate the skin’s lipid layer in order to promote exfoliation of skin cells from the inside.

Green Tea Extract

Green tea has long been used as a herbal remedy with all kinds of health benefits – boasting everything from longevity to cancer prevention. For acne purposes. green tea is rich in antioxidants like polyphenol which are necessary for good health.

In particular, antioxidants “balance out” or “neutralize” free radicals and pro-oxidant molecules in our bodies. Scientific research shows that free radical molecules destroy cell structures causing damage to the body – and eventually leads to the formation of acne, as well as other diseases.

Passion Flower

Another herbal extract, passion flower possesses powerful anti-inflammatory properties which soothes irritated and acne-prone skin. It has been found to be effective at reducing the redness and irritation typically found in acne-prone skin.

Verdict

As I said in the introduction, the Clearing Tonic by Exposed is a decent toner and provides good value when bought together with an Exposed Kit.

Due to the low volume of toner and the availability of cheaper yet effective competitors, I would not recommend this toner as a stand-alone buy. I feel that you can get more value from a normal toner like Thayers Witch Hazel.

I find that it’s difficult to pour this toner into cotton balls because of the opaque packaging. If possible, pour the toner into a clear, see-through container with a small opening. This makes it easier to pour onto cotton balls and prevents over-pouring and wastage.

Exposed Skin Care Acne Treatment Serum Review

This is a product that I really wish someone had told me about when I first started developing facial acne. It would have spared me a long journey of embarrassment, low self-esteem and a TON of ineffective acne products.

Pros

Cons

Exposed Skin Care Acne Treatment Serum

Available only on-line, the Exposed Acne Treatment Serum is a 2.5% benzoyl peroxide active treatment product that delivers a highly effective solution for all acne types. My personal experience with this product has been simply amazing! 

After regularly using this product for a few weeks I can really SEE the difference it makes in my skin. Large pimples diminish in size, smaller ones usually disappear, redness is reduced and bumpy skin begins to improve.

Because it’s based on benzoyl peroxide, I was initially concerned with getting dry skin. However, I find that it’s less drying than typical BP products which means there’s less need for moisturizer. Today, I still use it to treat areas around the jaw, cheeks and forehead.

The Acne Treatment Serum comes as a white paste which disappears upon applying it to the skin. It has a rather odd scent that may be caused by the active ingredients but it’s not a huge concern. I also like that the paste feels cool and is easy to apply.

Ingredients

2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide

This is the key ingredient in most acne products today because of its ability to kill the P.acnes bacteria that causes acne.

However, this usually comes at the cost of drying out skin cells due to the chemical process of oxidation. This is usually negated by using a moisturizer.

I’ve found that the Exposed acne treatment serum is far less drying than other 2.5% benzoyl peroxide products. This may be a result of the formulation of the product.

Green Tea Extract

Green tea has long been used as a herbal remedy with all kinds of health benefits – boasting everything from longevity to cancer prevention. For acne purposes. green tea is rich in antioxidants like polyphenol which are necessary for good health.

In particular, antioxidants “balance out” or “neutralize” free radicals and pro-oxidant molecules in our bodies. Scientific research shows that free radical molecules destroy cell structures causing damage to the body – and eventually leads to the formation of acne, as well as other diseases.

Azelaic Acid

This dicarboxylic acid is often prescribed by doctors for the treatment of acne. It specifically targets P.acnes bacteria and can cause mild drying or irritation. For more information see this link by MedLine Plus.

Verdict

As an acne sufferer of 8 years and counting, I’ve tried all sorts of products and listened to all kinds of explanations and remedies marketed by the corporations that sell acne products. It is HARD to find great products that work effectively without drying the skin, are hassle-free, and won’t empty your bank account.

What I’m trying to say is that Exposed’s acne treatment serum is one of those great products that really work! Having just said that, it’s not a miracle worker and your acne will not disappear overnight.

However, I’m confident that using this product as part of a comprehensive skin care regimen (includes eating well too!) will dramatically improve your acne condition. I continue to use this product and I still marvel at how quickly and effectively it can improve my skin.

I like to apply the cream a little bit at a time instead of smearing it all over my face. Squeeze small dabs onto your finger and apply to affected areas using gentle, circular motions until the cream vanishes and is evenly smooth.

If you want to cover the entire face, start with the forehead and jaw areas because they tend to absorb the cream better and are less sensitive to the benzoyl peroxide. Finish off with the cheeks and make sure to avoid the areas under the eyes! Remember to be patient and let your skin absorb the cream.

I don’t like to apply moisturizer afterwards but if it really bothers you, use this product every other day and on days you don’t use it, apply a moisturizer or oil to keep your skin moisturized.

Exposed Skin Care Derm-X Cloth Review

 the Derm-X Cloth included in every Exposed Skin Care kit.

As a long-time user, I’ve got to say it’s definitely no ordinary cloth! Approved by dermatologists, the Derm-X Cloth is made from special material and features tiny microfiber flakes to assist with exfoliation in a process known as microdermabrasion.

Those microfibers hang out from the surface of the cloth in order to trap more dirt and oil from your skin! Just take a look at the photos below to see the microfibers that I’m talking about.

Exposed Skin Care Derm-X Cloth Folded
Derm-X cloth has microfiber pockets that trap oils and dirt and help exfoliate your skin.

In addition to being an excellent exfoliator, Exposed claims that using their Derm-X Cloth can “improve skin tone, reduce blemishes… and help with skin discoloration, sun damage and even minor scarring!” It is also helpful for eliminating blackheads and whiteheads – by cleaning the face properly and gently removing dead skin cells, cosmetics, oils and dirt.

Verdict

The Derm-X Cloth by Exposed is a high quality and unique cloth intended to assist the natural exfoliation of skin cells. It is an excellent complementary product to use with facial cleansers and exfoliating products.

You can really feel the difference in the material used and the special microdermabrasion grooves in the cloth.

While this product is available individually from the exposed website for $9.95, I strongly suggest purchasing an Exposed kit to benefit from major cost-savings.

If you regularly use a cloth to wash your face, I recommend using the Derm-X Cloth every other day right after applying a facial cleanser.

Rinse the cloth in warm water and gently wipe across the face until clean of cleanser. Be careful not to scrub too hard as this can cause irritation and skin damage.

Also, follow the directions on the cloth and wash with laundry every 2 weeks or so. When used regularly, the Derm-X Cloth can greatly improve skin tone and promote acne-free skin!

What Are The Best Glycolic Acid Toners?

Here are the best glycolic acid toners:

  1. The Ordinary Glycolic Acid 7% Toning Solution
  2. Peter Thomas Roth 8% Glycolic Solutions Toner
  3. InstaNatural 7% Glycolic AHA Toner
  4. Botanic Tree 10% Glycolic Acid Toner
  5. Pixi Glow Tonic 5% Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Toner
  6. Mario Badescu Glycolic Acid Toner
  7. OZ Naturals Ocean Mineral Toning Mist
  8. DERMA-E Anti-Wrinkle Toner

1. The Ordinary Glycolic Acid 7% Toning Solution

Summary:

Best For: Dull Skin, Anti-Aging

Key Ingredients:
7% Glycolic Acid
Aloe Vera
Ginseng
Tasmanian Pepperberry

Get It @ Amazon

The Ordinary Glycolic Acid 7% Toning Solution

2. Peter Thomas Roth 8% Glycolic Solutions Toner

Summary:

Best For: Dark Spots, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
8% Glycolic Acid
Witch Hazel
Allantoin
Chamomile
Aloe Vera

Get It @ Amazon

Peter Thomas Roth 8% Glycolic Solutions Toner

3. InstaNatural 7% Glycolic AHA Toner

Summary:

Best For: Brightening, Tightening

Key Ingredients:
7% Glycolic Acid
Lactic Acid
Vitamin C
Witch Hazel

Get It @ Amazon

InstaNatural 7% Glycolic AHA Toner

4. Botanic Tree 10% Glycolic Acid Toner

Summary:

Best For: Smaller Pores, Clearer Complexion

Key Ingredients:
10% Glycolic Acid
Rose Water
Witch Hazel

Get It @ Amazon

Botanic Tree 10% Glycolic Acid Toner

5. Pixi Glow Tonic 5% Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Toner

Summary:

Best For: Clarifying, Refining, Blemishes

Key Ingredients:
5% Glycolic Acid
Aloe Vera
Ginseng

Get It @ Amazon

Pixi Glow Tonic 5% Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Toner

6. Mario Badescu Glycolic Acid Toner

Summary:

Best For: Wrinkles, Fine Lines, Dull Skin

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Grapefruit
Aloe Vera

Get It @ Amazon

Mario Badescu Glycolic Acid Toner

7. OZ Naturals Ocean Mineral Toning Mist

Summary:

Best For: Daily Toning, Refreshing

Key Ingredients:
Vitamin C
Glycolic Acid
Algae Extract
Hyaluronic Acid
Blueberry Extract

Get It @ Amazon

OZ Naturals Ocean Mineral Toning Mist

8. DERMA-E Anti-Wrinkle Toner

Summary:

Best For: Wrinkles, Fine Lines

Key Ingredients:
Vitamin A
Glycolic Acid
Marine Plant Extracts

Get It @ Amazon

DERMA-E Anti-Wrinkle Toner

If you're looking for the best lactic acid lotion, you're in the right place!

ⓘ I'll help you find the right lactic acid lotion for your needs and budget!

RELATED:

What Are The Best Lactic Acid Lotions?

Here are my top picks for the best lactic acid lotions:

  1. Best Overall Lotion: AmLactin Rapid Relief Restoring Lotion + Ceramides
  2. Best for Dry Skin: AmLactin Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion
  3. Best Budget Pick: AmLactin Ultra Smoothing Intensely Hydrating Cream
  4. Best for Tough Feet & Cracked Heels: AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy
  5. Best AmLactin Alternative: Dermal Therapy Alpha Hydroxy High Potency Lotion
  6. Best AmLactin Dupe: Perrigo Ammonium Lactate Lotion 12%
  7. Best Value Lotion: DNA Code 10% Glycolic Acid 5% Lactic Acid Exfoliate Body Lotion

1. Best Overall Lotion: AmLactin Rapid Relief Restoring Lotion + Ceramides

Summary: AmLactin is my #1 pick for a lactic acid lotion that helps with rough & bumpy skin, including KP and eczema. ????

Best For: Dry, Flaky, Rough Skin, Eczema, Psoriasis, Ichthyosis, and Keratosis Pilaris

Key Ingredients:
Lactic Acid (ULTRAPLEX)
3 Types of Ceramides

Get It @ Amazon

AmLactin Rapid Relief Restoring Lotion + Ceramides

AmLactin is my #1 overall pick because it helps hydrate dry and flaky skin while also alleviating the symptoms of more serious conditions like eczema and keratosis pilaris (KP).

The key benefits of this product include:

AmLactin Rapid Relief Restoring Lotion + Ceramides Ad

Overall, AmLactin has received very positive feedback with over 4,000 reviews on Amazon.

Customers reported fewer bumps, reduced dryness and irritation, and more hydrated skin. However, some users said the lotion felt “tacky” and “sticky”, which can make it less comfortable to wear for extended periods of time.

2. Best for Dry Skin: AmLactin Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion

Summary: This gentle body lotion helps restore hydration to dry and flaky skin with a lower dose of lactic acid. ????

Best For: Dry Skin, Flakiness

Key Ingredients:
Lactic Acid

Get It @ Amazon

AmLactin Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion

Next up, we have another body lotion from AmLactin. I recommend adding this one to your daily routine if you're struggling with consistent dryness and flakiness.

Here’s why this particular lotion is great for dry skin:

AmLactin Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion Ad

With over 5,000 reviews on Amazon, the Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion is AmLactin’s #1 most popular product. Many customers noted that using this moisturizer resulted in smoother, more hydrated, and less flaky skin. However, you should know that the smell is not the best and the lotion has a thicker consistency that may bother some people.

3. Best Budget Pick: AmLactin Ultra Smoothing Intensely Hydrating Cream

Summary: This purple lotion helps exfoliate problem areas like bumpy arms and chicken legs for smoother skin. ????

Best For: Rough & Bumpy Skin, Eczema, and Keratosis Pilaris

Key Ingredients:
Lactic Acid (ULTRAPLEX)

Get It @ Amazon

AmLactin Ultra Smoothing Intensely Hydrating Cream

If you need a lactic acid lotion to treat rough and bumpy skin for under $10, I recommend the AmLactin Ultra Smoothing Intensely Hydrating Cream.

This purple version is essentially a smaller 4.9 oz size of the blue Rapid Relief (7.9 oz / 14.1 oz) as both lotions use AmLactin’s Lactic Acid ULTRAPLEX formula.

However, this one does not include 3 types of ceramides like Rapid Relief does (which means it's a bit less effective for dry skin and conditions like eczema).

Amlactin Ultra Smoothing Intensely Hydrating Body Cream Ad

Like all AmLactin lotions, this product contains both glycerin and mineral oil, ingredients that help provide hydration and reinforce your skin barrier.

Overall, get the purple version if you’re just treating small areas of dryness or bumpy skin. For larger areas, the blue Rapid Relief or green Daily Body Lotion provide better value.

4. Best for Tough Feet & Cracked Heels: AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy

Summary: This AmLactin cream is specially designed to soften the rough, cracked skin on your feet and heels. ????

Best For: Dry, Rough Feet and Cracked Heels

Key Ingredients:
Lactic Acid (ULTRAPLEX)

Get It @ Amazon

AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy

If you’re looking for a solution to the dry, rough, or cracked skin on your feet and heels, I recommend using AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy.

This affordable 3.0 oz foot cream is the #1 recommended moisturizer brand by podiatrists and helps remove layers of hardened skin on your feet for a smoother and softer texture.

In addition, this lactic acid cream locks in moisture to relieve dry, flaky, and rough skin.

AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy Ad

As with any AHA product that removes the epidermis, remember to limit your sun exposure and apply adequate sunscreen. Even though the skin on your feet is thicker, it's still susceptible to ultraviolet (UV) damage from the Sun which may result in sunburn.

No time to apply a foot cream everyday? A good alternative is the popular Baby Foot Peel which features lactic acid and glycolic acid plus a long list of natural extracts.

You simply slip on the foot peel, leave for one hour, wash off, and then watch the dead skin peel away in the following 5-7 days. Baby smooth skin without the hassle!

5. Best AmLactin Alternative: Dermal Therapy Alpha Hydroxy High Potency Lotion

Summary: Dermal Therapy delivers deep moisture into your skin with 10% Urea and exfoliates with 10% Lactic Acid.

Best For: Dry, Flaky, Scaly Skin, Eczema, Psoriasis, Ichthyosis, and Keratosis Pilaris

Key Ingredients:
10% Urea
10% Lactic Acid

Get It @ Amazon

Dermal Therapy Alpha Hydroxy High Potency Lotion

Finally, a non-AmLactin product! ???? The Dermal Therapy AHA High Potency Lotion combines the hydrating properties of a traditional 10% urea cream (usually prescribed by doctors for very dry, flaky, rough, itchy, or scaly skin) and a 10% lactic acid lotion.

The result is a powerful dual-action formula that moisturizes and exfoliates at the same time to restore moisture to dry skin while removing excess dead skin cells and keratin plugs (the main cause of keratosis pilaris and skin conditions like acne).

Dermal Therapy AHA High Potency Lotion Ad

Dermal Therapy has received very positive reviews and customers have reported success using it for dry skin, eczema, ichthyosis (genetic skin disorders), psoriasis, and KP. It's also a great lotion to keep your skin hydrated during the dry winter season.

While it's not as popular as AmLactin (5,000+ reviews vs. 100+ reviews), Dermal Therapy is a hidden gem that I'd recommend for severe dry skin or if AmLactin isn't working for you.

The extra 10% urea is really helpful for skin conditions like chronic dry skin and eczema where your skin needs the additional hydration to reduce flakiness and itchiness.

6. Best AmLactin Dupe: Perrigo Ammonium Lactate Lotion 12%

Summary: This lactic acid lotion is a cheaper duplicate of the AmLactin brand. ????

Best For: Dry, Flaky, Rough Skin, Eczema, Psoriasis, Ichthyosis, and Keratosis Pilaris

Key Ingredients:
12% Lactic Acid

Get It @ Amazon

Perrigo Ammonium Lactate Lotion 12%

If you're looking to save a few dollars, Perrigo makes an almost identical lactic acid lotion with 12% ammonium lactate (lactic acid) which is the same key ingredient found in AmLactin.

For comparison, a 14.0 oz (400g) bottle of Perrigo costs only $15 compared to $23 for the same amount of AmLactin Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion.

Customer reviews have been very positive as well with over 1,500+ ratings on Amazon. The general sentiment is that this product works effectively on keratosis pilaris (chicken skin), eczema, psoriasis, extremely dry or rough skin, and ichthyosis.

On the other hand, similar to AmLactin, this lotion doesn't smell great (due to ammonium) and has a sticky texture that some people may find off-putting.

7. Best Value Lotion: DNA Code 10% Glycolic Acid 5% Lactic Acid Exfoliate Body Lotion (32.0 oz)

Summary: This massive 32.0 oz tub features 10% glycolic acid and 5% lactic acid for a lifetime of smoother skin. ????

Best For: Value Size

Key Ingredients:
10% Glycolic Acid
5% Lactic Acid

Get It @ Amazon

DNA Code Exfoliate Body Lotion

Last but not least, if you need to buy a lactic acid lotion in bulk (or you're starting a spa), the DNA Code Exfoliate Body Lotion is the best deal that I've found on Amazon.

At $70 for 32.0 oz, this massive tub works out to $2 per oz. There's also a 8.0 oz version that you can try out first to see if you like the formulation.

Unlike AmLactin, this product is primarily a glycolic acid lotion (an equally effective AHA) with a lower concentration of 5% lactic acid. However, it does not use ammonium lactate which means there's no issue with unpleasant smells or odors.

DNA Code Exfoliate Body Lotion Ad

In addition, the DNA Code body lotion is 100% natural and 72% organic, and enhanced with Green Tea, Argan Oil, Papaya, Licorice Root, Squalane, Pumpkin, and Allantoin. These are all excellent ingredients that help with skin hydration and uneven skin tone.

Finally, customer reviews are a bit more limited but almost all of them have been 5-stars, with some people switching over from AmLactin and highly recommending it.

Today, I'm going to discuss the best glycolic acid creams on the market (spoiler: my top pick is SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight).

These skincare products - from creams to lotions to sleeping masks - all feature the star ingredient Glycolic Acid, the smallest and most popular type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA).

AHAs like glycolic acid help remove dead skin cells, increase cell turnover, improve skin hydration, remove blemishes and dark spots, correct uneven skin tone, and fight common signs of aging like wrinkles, fine lines, and sun damage (source: A Practical Approach to Chemical Peels, 2018).

In other words, AHAs like glycolic acid should be included in everyone's skincare regimen! ????

RELATED:

ⓘ Let's help you find the right glycolic acid cream for your skin concern and budget!

What Are The Best Glycolic Acid Creams?

Here are the best glycolic acid creams:

  1. Best Overall Cream: SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight
  2. Best Budget Cream: Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream
  3. Best Day Cream: Philosophy Renewed Hope In A Jar
  4. Best Night Cream: Caudalie Brightening Glycolic Night Cream
  5. Best Moisturizer: Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer
  6. Best for Smoother Skin: GLAMGLOW Good In Bed Passionfruit Softening Night Cream
  7. Best for Deep Hydration: Glow Recipe Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask
  8. Best for Keratosis Pilaris: Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion
  9. Best for Wrinkles & Fine Lines: Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20
  10. Best for Men: Jack Black Line Smoother Oil-Free Moisturizer
Best Glycolic Acid Cream - Pinterest

What To Look For In A Glycolic Acid Cream

Here are my top tips for finding an effective glycolic acid cream:

  1. Free Acid Value: the percentage of glycolic acid on the label is oftentimes misleading, since glycolic acid dissociates ("splits") into a Free Acid Form and Ionized Form in aqueous solutions. This is problematic because only the Free Acid Form can actually penetrate your skin barrier. That's why the "true concentration" of glycolic acid is more accurately represented by the Free Acid Value (the actual percentage of free acids in a solution).
  2. Sun Protection: make sure to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30+ and wear a sunhat and sunglasses when using a glycolic acid product. That's because glycolic acid increases the risk of sunburn and skin cancer from prolonged sun exposure. In particular, glycolic acid removes dead skin cells that contain special pigments called melanin which protect your skin from the Sun's ultraviolet radiation (kinda like little umbrellas ☂️).

The 10 Best Glycolic Acid Creams in 2020

1. Best Overall Cream: SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight (1.7 oz)

Summary: The SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight helps exfoliate and hydrate for brighter, clearer, and smoother skin. ????

Best For: Anti-Aging, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
10% Glycolic Acid (Free Acid Value)
2% Phytic Acid
1% Soothing Complex

Get It @ SkinCeuticals, Dermstore

SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight

SkinCeuticals is a brand that I always recommend to my readers because of the company's commitment to science-based skincare and history of product innovation (for example, they almost single-handedly created the "vitamin C serum" category with their award-winning and patent-protected bestselling vitamin C serum, the SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic).

The Glycolic 10 Renewal Overnight is another one of the company's innovative products supported by both medical research and clinical trials (a single-center, 8-week study on 50 women).

This glycolic lotion features 10% Glycolic Acid (Free Acid Value), 2% Phytic Acid, and a 1% Soothing Complex of natural oils and botanical extracts, including Jojoba Oil and Sunflower Seed Oil.

These ingredients work together to help remove dead skin cells, promote a healthier and more radiant complexion, and reduce the appearance of discoloration and uneven skin tone.

Now, you might be wondering, what is Free Acid Value (FAV) and why do some companies like SkinCeuticals and Glytone express the concentration of their glycolic acid products this way?

Well, the reason is that glycolic acid, like all acids, dissociates ("splits") in water-based solutions into two separate molecules: a Free Acid Form (no charge) and an Ionized Form (negative charge).

Here's an excellent illustration by LabMuffin of this chemical reaction (and she has a great article that explains the importance of free acid value in relation to a formula's pH level).

LabMuffin Glycolic Acid Dissociation In Water

In this diagram, the free acid form of glycolic acid is on the left side while the dissociated products, namely a hydrogen ion (+) and conjugate base (-), are on the right side:

Most glycolic acid products on the market only disclose the overall concentration, even though a significant portion actually dissociates into an ionized form (which isn't very useful for your skin).

That's why the "true concentration" of glycolic acid is indicated by the Free Acid Value as this only counts the free acid forms of glycolic acid as a percentage of the total solution.

SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight has a free acid value of 10% glycolic acid at a pH of 3.5, which is the equivalent of about 14.75% glycolic acid when expressed as an overall concentration (source of calculation: LabMuffin Free Acid Value Calculator).

SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight Ad 2

Finally, the last part of this puzzle is the pH level (potential for hydrogen). pH expresses the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution in an inverse and logarithmic manner:

For example, suppose we had a solution with 1% hydrogen ions:

But now, suppose we had a solution with 0.0000000001% hydrogen ions:

The pH level is important because it directly impacts the concentration of free acids in equilibrium:

However, we also don't want a really low pH either as this would cause irritation and sensitivity.

For glycolic acid products, like SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight, the pH level should be close to the pKa (acid dissociation constant) of glycolic acid, which is 3.6 (source: PubChem).

When the pH is around the pKa, the formula remains stable (i.e. in equilibrium) and the free acid effectiveness is maximized while potential side effects are minimized (source: The Ordinary).

The pH of Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight is 3.5 which is a suitable level for acid effectiveness. ????

In terms of additional ingredients, 2% Phytic Acid helps exfoliate and brighten your skin while a 1% Soothing Complex of natural oils and botanical extracts seals in hydration and reduces irritation.

SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight Ad

SkinCeuticals cites the following clinical results from an 8-week study on 50 women (ages 35-64):

These results were collected through light imaging analysis at baseline and weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8.

My main critique of this study is that it did not compare the efficacy of Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight to another product, such as a generic AHA cream or placebo cream.

This would allow for a better analysis of how much Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight actually made a difference, since some skin problems, like hyperpigmentation, tend to resolve on its own over time.

Finally, customer feedback of this product has been very positive:

On the other hand, the most common complaint was the product packaging as the glycolic lotion can easily drip out of the tube. For this reason, I recommend transferring it to a pump bottle instead.

My Verdict: Not all glycolic acid products are created equal. The percentage on the label doesn't always reflect the "true concentration" of glycolic acid due to its dissociation into an ionized form. SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight features true 10% Glycolic Acid (Free Acid Value) to help exfoliate and hydrate your skin for a brighter, clearer, and smoother complexion. ????

2. Best Budget Cream: Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream (1.6 oz)

Summary: The Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream is a budget-friendly daily cream for brighter and smoother skin. ????

Best For: Anti-Aging, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
20% Glycolic Acid (8% FAV)
Vitamin A / C / E
Green Tea Extract

Get It @ Amazon, Dermstore

For a more affordable glycolic cream, I recommend the Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream which is frequently under $30 on Amazon (but watch out for unscrupulous third-party sellers as I've seen many reviews complain about "knock-off" versions) or about $45 on Dermstore.

By now, you should know that the percentage on the label does not reflect the true bioavailability of glycolic acid, due to its dissociation in water into an ionized form that cannot penetrate your skin (see my earlier explanation under SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight).

Since Glycolix Elite does not mention the term "free acid value" anywhere, we can assume this product contains an overall concentration of 20% glycolic acid. To calculate the free acid value equivalent, I again used LabMuffin's calculator along with the pH of this product (4.0) to arrive at an 8% Free Acid Value (source: Topix Pharmaceuticals and LabMuffin Free Acid Value Calculator).

While lower than SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight (10%), it's still a very high concentration of free acid that can provide "significant increase in cellular turnover" (i.e. exfoliation) in addition to increasing skin hydration and skin smoothness (source: Glytone).

Free Acid Values and Their Effects

At 8% free acid value, Glycolix Elite Facial Cream can help improve many skin conditions, including:

In addition, this product has a very simple ingredient list (which I absolutely love ????):

Glycolix Elite also confirms this product is paraben-, gluten-, oil-, and fragrance-free.

Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream Ad

Finally, here's what some customers are saying about Glycolix Elite Facial Cream:

On the other hand, the more negative reviews tended to focus on fraudulent products:

My Verdict: If you're looking for a budget-friendly glycolic cream, the Glycolix Elite Facial Cream features a powerful concentration of 20% glycolic acid (8% free acid value) and antioxidant complex to clear away sluggish dead skin cells for softer, smoother, and younger-looking skin. ????

3. Best Day Cream: Philosophy Renewed Hope In A Jar (2.0 oz)

Summary: Philosophy's popular renewed hope in a jar features glycolic acid and SPF 30 for hydration and sun protection. ????

Best For: Hydration, Sun Protection

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Citric Acid
Mandelic Acid

Get It @ Ulta Beauty, Sephora

Philosophy Renewed Hope In A Jar SPF 30

If you're spending more time outdoors these days (in the garden, backyard, or mountain trails), make sure to use a moisturizer with broad-spectrum SPF to protect your skin from UVA/UVB radiation which are harmful over prolonged periods of exposure (source: Skin Cancer Foundation).

Philosophy offers an excellent day cream, the renewed hope in a jar, with SPF 30 sun protection (unfortunately, it's a chemical sunscreen with avobenzone, octinoxate, and octocrylene; those with sensitive skin should consider a physical sunscreen like Josie Maran Argan Daily Moisturizer SPF 47 with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide that will be less likely to irritate your skin).

The renewed hope in a jar with SPF 30 (I'll call this the "philosophy cream") claims to "retexturize skin and deliver continuous hydration" as well as "brighten and re-energize the skin" with a blend of alpha hydroxy acids (Glycolic Acid, Citric Acid, Mandelic Acid) and Hyaluronic Acids.

The concentration of each alpha hydroxy acid is not disclosed, however, Beautypedia estimates it's around 3-5% glycolic acid and less than 1% citric acid and mandelic acid (source: Beautypedia).

That means the philosophy cream might improve skin hydration and skin smoothness, but will not address any significant issues like hyperpigmentation, wrinkles & fine lines, or acne scars.

Moreover, the product has a very complicated ingredient list (46 in total), including silicones (cyclopentasiloxane and cyclohexasiloxane), fragrances, and viscosity adjusters (butylene glycol, disodium EDTA, synthetic fluorphlogopite, magnesium stearate, hexylene glycol). In addition, Hyaluronic Acid and Sodium Hyaluronate are both listed at the very bottom of this list. ????

User feedback, however, has been very positive with 300+ ratings on Ulta Beauty and Sephora.

Some of the more positive reviews include:

Philosophy Renewed Hope In A Jar SPF 30 Ad

On the other hand, here are some of the more critical reviews:

My Verdict: The philosophy renewed hope in a jar is a bestselling moisturizer that now comes with broad-spectrum SPF 30 for a "refreshing and refining" experience during the day. ????

4. Best Night Cream: Caudalie Brightening Glycolic Night Cream (1.7 oz)

Summary: Caudalie Vinoperfect Brightening Glycolic Night Cream is a dark spot corrector that's been shakin' the grapevine. ????

Best For: Dark Spots, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Viniferine (Grapevine Sap Extract)
Papaya Extract

Get It @ Sephora, Amazon

Caudalie Brightening Glycolic Night Cream

If you're a fan of the bestselling Caudalie Vinoperfect Radiance Serum, you're going to absolutely love the Caudalie Vinoperfect Brightening Glycolic Night Cream as well. ❤️

RELATED:

This luxurious cream features Glycolic Acid and Papaya Extract for gentle exfoliation and renewal, while the brand's patent-protected Viniferine (a.k.a. ε-viniferin or grapevine sap extract) helps brighten dark spots and correct uneven skin tone (source: Caudalie and Google Patents).

ε-viniferin is a promising skincare ingredient discovered by Professor Joseph Vercauteren at the University of Montpellier in France. His extensive research into grape extracts and collaboration with Mathilde and Bertrand Thomas led to the creation of Caudalie in 1993. ????

By the way, you've probably heard of at least one famous grape extract: Resveratrol ?

Caudalie claims that ε-viniferin is 62 times more effective than traditional vitamin C for clearing up dark spots and for skin brightening purposes (source: Caudalie).

However, this claim requires further context and clarification. ????

A 2014 study led by Professor Vercauteren did indeed find that trans-ε-viniferin was 62x more effective than Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid) at inhibiting melanin synthesis in mushroom tyrosinase (source: A Huge PVDF Adsorption Difference Between Resveratrol and ε-Viniferin Allows to Quantitatively Purify Them and to Assess Their Anti-Tyrosinase Property, 2014).

But this doesn't mean that ε-viniferin is better or worse than conventional brightening ingredients because we simply don't know how well it performs in real life (i.e. randomized clinical trials).

Nonetheless, it's a very promising skincare ingredient that, judging by the positive reception of Caudalie products (many of which include Viniferine), is most likely an effective one, too! ????

In terms of skin benefits, the Vinoperfect Brightening Glycolic Night Cream can help you:

In terms of clinical results, Caudalie cites the following from a 56-day study with 21 volunteers:

Caudalie Brightening Glycolic Night Cream Ad

Finally, here's what some users had to say about the Brightening Glycolic Night Cream:

The more critical reviewers either did not notice significant results or did not enjoy the heavy texture of this particular cream. These reviews include:

My Verdict: The Caudalie Vinoperfect Brightening Glycolic Night Cream is an excellent addition to a family of grape-inspired products, featuring Glycolic Acid, Viniferine, and Papaya Extract, that helps you diminish dark spots, correct uneven skin tone, and promote a healthy glow. ????

5. Best Moisturizer: Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer (1.7 oz)

Summary: The Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer removes surface dullness for visibly brighter, more radiant skin.

Best For: Brightening, Radiance

Key Ingredients:
Glycolic Acid
Lactic Acid
Pineapple, Pumpkin, and Papaya

Get It @ Ulta Beauty, Sephora

Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer

I've tried many Kate Somerville products over the years, including her popular line of acne products like the EradiKate with 10% Sulfur and the D-Scar Scar Diminishing Serum.

In my opinion, Kate Somerville makes high-quality products and the ExfoliKate Glow is no exception.

This moisturizer features a "duo of AHAs - Glycolic and Lactic Acids - combined with Pineapple, Pumpkin, and Papaya Enzymes" to remove surface dullness and reveal healthy & glowing skin. ????

Fruit enzymes, such as Bromelain (Pineapple) and Papain (Papaya), have been used for decades in food processing as meat tenderizers and as natural digestive supplements (source: Healthline).

In skincare, however, these enzymes help break down cellular structures to loosen the bonds between dead skin cells and promote healthy exfoliation (similar to AHAs like Glycolic Acid).

The ingredient list is actually pretty long though (43 in total), so if you have sensitive skin, I'd skip this one and go for a simpler formula like the Glycolix Elite 20% Glycolic Acid Facial Cream.

There's also added fragrance (bergamot oil and orange peel oil) which smells like fruit loops according to many reviewers. Cereal, anyone? ????

In terms of clinical results, Kate Somerville cites an "independent clinical study" but fails to report any basic parameters like study length, number of participants, study design, etc.

This makes it very difficult to even discuss the study's findings so I won't include them here this time (if you want, you can find more details on the ExfoliKate Glow product page).

Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer Ad

In terms of user feedback, I noticed many "rave" reviews ("I love this product!", "holy grail", etc.), which tends to raise my "skepticism" eyebrows. Sometimes, especially for brand buyers, we want to like a product because we've already bought into the brand (ex. Drunk Elephant - Clean Beauty, SkinCeuticals - Patent-Protected Formulations, etc.).

Here are some of the positive reviews for Kate Somerville:

The negative reviews tended to focus on the product's greasiness, lack of results, or skin reactions:

My Verdict: The Kate Somerville ExfoliKate Glow Moisturizer helps clear out surface dullness with AHAs and Fruit Enzymes for a brighter, smoother, and more radiant complexion. Oh, and bring some milk too because this one smells like Fruit Loops. ????

6. Best for Smoother Skin: GLAMGLOW Good In Bed Passionfruit Softening Night Cream (1.5 oz)

Summary: The new GLAMGLOW Good In Bed is a night cream with AHAs and BHAs for baby soft, glowing skin in the morning. ????

Best For: Hydration, Smoothness

Key Ingredients:
AHAs & BHAs
Passionfruit Oil
Hyaluronic Acid

Get It @ GLAMGLOW, Sephora

GLAMGLOW Good in Bed™ Passionfruit Softening Night Cream

GLAMGLOW is a brand known for its bright and colorful collection of mud masks (like SUPERMUD). Now, it's added a stylish new night cream, the cleverly named "Good In Bed", to its line-up.

This product is a deeply nourishing cream that's best suited for those with dry to combination skin as it helps restore hydration and exfoliate dead skin cells for softer, smoother-to-the-touch skin.

GLAMGLOW says it uses "a blend of AHA, BHA, and PHA... [to] put dull, dehydrated skin to bed!"

However, upon further investigation, I only found AHAs and one BHA (no PHAs) on the ingredient list:

While the concentrations were not disclosed, we can deduce based on their order of appearance that the main ingredient is Glycolic Acid (3rd), followed by smaller amounts of Citric Acid (13th), Tartaric Acid (14th), Lactic Acid (15th), and Salicylic Acid (16th).

In addition, the GLAMGLOW Good In Bed helps nourish dehydrated skin and repair damaged skin with a rich blend of plant oils and humectants, including:

On the other hand, the abundance of plant oils makes this cream feel very heavy and it may be too "greasy" for those with oily skin (some reviewers also said it caused breakouts).

Finally, this cream is infused with a sweet scent of passionfruit flower, which is pleasant and relaxing according to some reviewers (note that fragrance contributes no skin benefits, it's really just there to mask any chemical odors and for general marketing purposes). ????

GLAMGLOW Good in Bed™ Passionfruit Softening Night Cream Ad

In terms of customer reviews, the overall feedback was very positive, albeit with a few complaints about greasiness due to the heavy texture. I'd also point out that a large number of reviews came from users who received free samples from INFLUENSTER (which can potentially inflate the ratings, as you're likely less critical of a free product compared to one that you paid for).

Some representative reviews (both positive and negative) are as follows:

My Verdict: The GLAMGLOW Good In Bed is a deeply nourishing night cream with AHAs & BHAs for gentle exfoliation and plant oils, including Passionfruit Oil, for intense hydration. Apply to a clean face and wake up in the morning with baby soft, glowing skin! ????

7. Best for Deep Hydration: Glow Recipe Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask (2.7 oz)

Summary: The Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask is Glow Recipe's #1 bestseller with 2,500+ reviews. ????

Best For: Hydration, Bounciness

Key Ingredients:
Hyaluronic Acid
Watermelon Extract
Glycolic Acid & Lactic Acid

Get It @ Glow Recipe, Sephora

Glow Recipe Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask

Give your skin a huge boost of hydration and bounciness with Glow Recipe's Watermelon Glow!

This fun and fruity sleeping mask features Hyaluronic Acid to increase your skin's moisture retention, amino acid rich Watermelon Extract to deeply hydrate and fight wrinkles & fine lines, and the AHAs Glycolic Acid and Lactic Acid to promote brighter, smoother, and more radiant skin. ????

The full ingredient list is relatively simple (24 in total) and includes additional plant extracts such as Seaweed Extract, Pumpkin Extract, Pomegranate Extract, and Banana Extract. However, the formula does contain Alcohol (near the very end) and a small amount of Fragrance (Glow Recipe states that they use the minimum level of fragrance at less than 0.5% of the total formulation).

There are two ways to use Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask:

  1. As an overnight sleeping mask (use at least 2 scoops and don't wash off)
  2. As a traditional peel mask (apply a thick layer and wash off after 10 minutes)
Glow Recipe Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask Ad

In terms of customer reviews, the feedback has been overwhelming positive:

On the other hand, common complaints from some users included the lack of significant results and potential breakouts:

My Verdict: The Glow Recipe Watermelon Glow Sleeping Mask is a fun and fruity way to treat your skin to a relaxing night of deep hydration with Hyaluronic Acid and Watermelon Extract, while Glycolic Acid and Lactic Acid renews and refreshes for brighter, smoother, and more radiant skin!

8. Best for Keratosis Pilaris: Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion with 17.5% Free Acid Value (8.4 oz)

Summary: The Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion packs a powerful punch to keratosis pilaris and eczema with 17.5% free acid value.

Best For: Keratosis Pilaris, Eczema

Key Ingredients:
17.5% Glycolic Acid (FAV)

Get It @ Amazon, Dermstore

Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion

If you have keratosis pilaris like me, you know how difficult it is to find an effective treatment. ????

Personally, I've tried sulfur soaps like SAL3 and lactic acid lotions like AmLactin, which softened my rough skin, but did little to remove the small red bumps on my upper arms, forearms, and buttocks.

Fortunately, Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion has received many positive reviews from KP sufferers and those with eczema, bumpy skin, scaly plaques, and cracked heels, elbows, or knees.

This glycolic body lotion features a "true concentration" of 17.5% glycolic acid (free acid value). I previously explained that free acid value is the most important number because it represents the amount of glycolic acid that can actually penetrate your skin and deliver skin benefits.

If you missed my explanation, it's under the section on SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight.

Free Acid Values and Their Effects

If we take another look at this chart (courtesy of Glytone), we can see that 17.5% free acid value translates to a significant level of cellular turnover (i.e. exfoliation) and collagen deposition.

In other words, it's strong enough to remove multiple layers of rough and bumpy skin, clean out the keratin plugs that cause keratosis pilaris, and promote healthier, smoother-looking skin.

This product works well on its own or you can use it together with the Glytone Exfoliating Body Wash which has 8.8% free acid value (the two are actually bundled in a special KP kit with a loofah).

Finally, I also like that it has a very simple ingredient list (11 in total).

Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion Ad

In terms of customer feedback, most of the positive reviews claimed it helped with KP:

The more negative reviews tended to focus on either a lack of results or skin sensitivity:

My Verdict: The Glytone Exfoliating Body Lotion features 17.5% glycolic acid (free acid value) to help improve skin conditions like keratosis pilaris and eczema for healthier, clearer, and smoother skin.

9. Best for Wrinkles & Fine Lines: Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20 with 20% Free Acid Value (1.7 oz)

Summary: Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20 offers the highest level of free acid value to reverse signs of aging and sun damage.

Best For: Anti-Aging, Sun Damage

Key Ingredients:
20% Glycolic Acid (FAV)

Get It @ Amazon, Dermstore

Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20

If you're looking to reverse common signs of aging, like wrinkles, fine lines, and sun spots, consider using a high concentration glycolic acid cream like the Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20. ????

A word of caution: make sure to work your way up to this concentration by using the 10% or 15% versions first, as this product may cause burning, stinging, or tingling for first-time users.

Now, as I mentioned before, the free acid value is the most important number on a glycolic product as it measures how much glycolic acid is actually "bioavailable" to penetrate your skin.

If you missed my explanation, it's under the section on SkinCeuticals Glycolic 10 Renew Overnight.

This particular product contains 20% free acid value (the highest in Glytone's Rejuvenating Range) which means it can cause significant increase in cell turnover and collagen deposition, as well as "reversal in basal cell atypia" (i.e. replacing abnormal cells in the basal layer with healthy ones).

In other words, it's a powerful force against common signs of aging, like wrinkles and fine lines, but can also help you maintain a clearer, healthier, and more even-looking complexion. ????

Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20

In terms of customer reviews, here's a sample of what some customers had to say:

In terms of more critical reviews, I genuinely could not find too many negative ones (which I always strive to include to provide a more balanced opinion for my readers).

The most common complaints were related to the product's side effects, such as burning, stinging, or tingling, which may happen if you haven't been using a glycolic acid cream long enough.

My Verdict: The Glytone Rejuvenating Cream 20 is a powerful anti-aging cream that can help you keep common signs of aging, like wrinkles, fine lines, and sun spots, safely at bay. ????

10. Best for Men: Jack Black Line Smoother Oil-Free Moisturizer (3.3 oz)

Summary: The Line Smoother by Jack Black is an affordable and lightweight glycolic lotion for reducing wrinkles and fine lines.

Best For: Anti-Aging, Uneven Tone

Key Ingredients:
8% Glycolic Acid (Unknown FAV)
Vitamin A
Vitamin E

Get It @ Amazon, Sephora

Jack Black Line Smoother Oil-Free Moisturizer

Men's skincare brand Jack Black has created an 8% glycolic lotion called the Line Smoother that helps diminish the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, sun damage, dark circles, and puffiness.

It's a great product for older men (and women, too) who are searching for ways to keep their skin looking younger, healthier, and more even toned (and at a great price!). ????

Jack Black does not disclose the pH level of Line Smoother so I could not calculate a corresponding Free Acid Value. Just keep in mind that it's going to be lower than 8% since some of the glycolic acid will dissociate into non-skin-penetrating Ionized Forms.

This glycolic lotion includes Vitamin A, Vitamin E, and Aloe Leaf Juice for additional antioxidant and skin-soothing properties, as well as Lavender Extract for fragrance.

In addition, the full ingredient list is a little bit longer than average (31 in total).

Jack Black Line Smoother Oil-Free Moisturizer Ad

In terms of customer reviews, the overall feedback has been very positive:

More negative reviews focused on either a lack of results or redness and stinging after shaving:

My Verdict: The Jack Black Line Smoother Oil-Free Moisturizer is a valuable tool in every man's anti-aging arsenal. It's also a great bargain for smart shoppers at $32 for 3.3 oz (only $10 an oz!!). ????

Up Next:
The Best Skin Lightening Creams for Hyperpigmentation

Best Skin Lightening Cream for Hyperpigmentation

What Are The Best Glycolic Acid Masks?

Here are the best glycolic acid masks:

  1. Caudalie Brightening Glycolic Peel Mask
  2. CANE+AUSTIN 10% Glycolic Gelee Mask + Cleanser
  3. Glytone Rejuvenating Mask
  4. StriVectin Advanced Acid Resurface NIA114 + Glycolic Skin Reset Mask
  5. Andalou Naturals Pumpkin Honey Glycolic Mask
  6. LATHER 10-Minute Brightening Mask with Glycolic Acid
  7. I DEW CARE Berry Groovy Brightening Glycolic Wash-Off Mask
  8. InstaNatural Exfoliating Glycolic Mask and Face Scrub
  9. Biossance Squalane + Glycolic Renewal Facial
  10. Nip+Fab Glycolic Fix Bubble Mask Extreme

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Natural remedies like tea tree oil have surged in popularity over the years. Advocates claim this essential oil can cure everything from acne to dandruff to athlete's foot.

But is there any science to support these claims?

In this post, we'll dive into the medical literature on tea tree oil to separate facts from fiction.

You'll learn some amazing things like:

Keep reading to learn more about this popular essential oil!

What Is Tea Tree Oil?

Tea tree oil is an essential oil derived from the Melaleuca alternifolia tree in Australia. It's well-known for having potent antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.

For centuries, Australian Aborigines used tea tree leaves to treat common illnesses like coughs, colds, and minor wounds. (1)

More recently, tea tree oil has become a popular home remedy for many skin conditions, thanks to a growing interest in natural and alternative medicine.

Origin

According to folk tales, European sailors in the 18th century named the Melaleuca tree the "tea tree" after brewing cups of tea with its leaves. Hence the origin of "tea" tree oil. (2)

History

Tea tree oil has been produced in Australia since the 1920s. Today, the country accounts for over 80% of global volume, most of which is exported to Europe and North America. (3)

Extraction

A process known as steam distillation is used to extract the oil from the leaves and branches of Melaleuca alternifolia trees. This results in a highly concentrated "essence" or essential oil.

Chemical Composition

Scientists have discovered over 100 chemical compounds in tea tree oil. (4)

According to ISO 4730, the principal components are:

The main ingredient, terpinen-4-ol, accounts for almost half of the oil and is responsible for most of its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory benefits. (1)

Benefits of Tea Tree Oil

Advocates believe that tea tree oil can address a wide range of common ailments such as acne, sore throat, nail fungus, dandruff, and even cold sores.

In order to verify these claims, we need to examine the unique properties of tea tree oil, which can be summarzied as:

Antibacterial

Early studies on tea tree oil focused on its antibacterial activity. Today, we know that tea tree oil can limit or kill multiple species of bacteria at a concentration of 1% or lower. (1)

Notable examples include:

Why is tea tree oil such a potent antibacterial agent?

Researchers believe the chemical components of tea tree oil, such as terpinen-4-ol, are able to penetrate bacteria cells and disrupt vital functions, which can eliminate bacteria or prevent them from spreading.

Antifungal

Further research has discovered that tea tree oil can remove fungal infections, including yeasts, dermatophytes, and filamentous fungi. (1)

Notable examples include:

Similar to bacteria, researchers believe that tea tree oil destroys fungi by interfering with vital cell functions.

Antiviral

The first antiviral study on tea tree oil examined tobacco plants and the tobacco mosaic virus. The authors noted that plants sprayed with tea tree oil exhibited fewer virus symptoms compared to the control group. (5)

A second study found that tea tree oil could prevent herpes simplex virus (cold sores). At a 0.003% concentration, tea tree oil inhibited HSV-1 by 98.2% and HSV-2 by 93.0%. (6)

Anti-inflammatory

Finally, many studies support tea tree oil's anti-inflammatory abilities.

Researchers at Flinders University found that tea tree oil significantly reduced proinflammatory cytokines (chemical signals that promote inflammation). (7)

Further studies showed that tea tree oil can reduce redness and swelling associated with histamine-induced inflammation and nickel-induced contact dermatitis. (8, 9)

15 Incredible Uses of Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil for Skin Infographic

1. Home Remedy for Acne

Acne is an inflammatory skin disease caused by excess sebum and uncontrolled P. Acnes bacteria growth.

Fortunately, tea tree oil is an excellent natural remedy that works in two ways:

In one study, researchers at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital compared 5% tea tree oil to 5% benzoyl peroxide in a single-blinded, randomized trial of 124 patients.

They discovered that tea tree oil was equally effective at reducing acne lesions, albeit at a slower rate. Patients using tea tree oil also reported fewer side effects. (10)

In another study, 60 patients were assigned to either 5% tea tree oil or a placebo treatment. The researchers found that tea tree oil was 3.5x more effective than placebo at decreasing acne lesions and almost 6x better at improving acne severity. (11)

Tea tree oil is a great natural remedy for acne.

2. Cures Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a fungal infection of the feet (tinea pedis). It's spread by several types of fungi that survive in swimming pools and locker rooms.

Fungal infections are contagious so make sure to wash your hands (and feet) after visiting a gym or pool.

Topical antifungal creams such as 1% clotrimazole are considered standard treatment, but studies suggest that tea tree oil might also be a cure.

A 1992 study compared 10% tea tree oil, 1% tolnaftate (antifungal agent), and a placebo cream in a double-blinded, randomized trial of 104 patients.

The authors found that 10% tea tree oil reduced patient symptoms in line with 1% tolnaftate. However, tea tree oil was no better than the placebo at eliminating the fungal infection.

By the end of the trial, 85% of patients using 1% tolnaftate were cured compared to just 30% for tea tree oil and 21% for placebo. (12)

A follow-up study in 2002 compared 25% and 50% tea tree oil with a placebo for 158 patients. After 4 weeks of treatment, 72% of the 50% group and 68% of the 25% group were completely cured, compared to 31% in the placebo group. (13)

Clinical results are mixed but points to a potential role for tea tree oil in treating athlete's foot. Researchers noted that the sorbolene vehicle in the first study may have compromised the oil's antifungal properties. (1)

Tea tree oil is antifungal and may help with athlete's foot.

3. Removes Nail Fungus

Some studies show that tea tree oil can remove bothersome nail fungus (onychomycosis).

Researchers at the University of Rochester conducted a double-blinded, randomized trial of 117 patients who were assigned to use either 100% tea tree oil or 1% clotrimazole (antifungal agent).

By the end of the study, 18% of the tea tree oil group was completely cured compared to 11% of the clotrimazole group. Clinical assessments showed that 60% of the former group had partial or full resolution compared to 61% of the latter group. (14)

Separately, researchers at the University of California asked patients to use either 5% tea tree oil, 5% tea tree oil plus 2% butenafine hydrochloride, or a placebo. The cure rate for 5% tea tree oil alone was 0% compared to 80% for the combined 5% tea tree oil and 2% butenafine chloride. (15)

Once again, the clinical results are a bit mixed. This highlights the limited data we have on natural remedies and the need for further studies.

Since nail fungus is contagious, make sure to thoroughly wash your hands to avoid spreading the infection.

Tea tree oil has shown mixed results for nail fungus.

4. Antibacterial Hand Wash

Drops of Essential Oil

Speaking of washing your hands, tea tree oil makes a great addition to soap or as your own DIY hand wash.

Its antiseptic properties make it an excellent hand sanitizer that kills common bacteria like E. Coli.

One study found that handwashes with 5% tea tree oil were more effective against E. Coli. and also increased handwashing compliance compared to regular soap. (16)

Tea tree oil is an amazing addition to your regular hand wash.

5. Improves Wound Healing

Some studies indicate tea tree oil can actually accelerate the wound healing process.

In one study, patients with acute radiation skin reactions were treated with either a tea tree oil infused hydrogel dressing or a conventional dressing. The tea tree oil group achieved slightly better results and it also provided a cooling effect which patients found beneficial. (17)

A follow-up study in 2013 noted that patients with staph infections recovered faster using wound dressings coated with tea tree oil fumes. This suggests the oil could be an effective natural healing agent. (18)

For minor cuts and scrapes, try adding a few drops of tea tree oil to the bandage to disinfect the wound and speed up your recovery.

Tea tree oil may improve wound healing and reduce the risk of infection.

6. Eliminates Head Lice

Lice are tiny parasites that feed on your blood. They are easily spread by close contact, especially among schoolchildren.

Tea tree oil has been proposed as a potential treatment for lice given its antimicrobial properties.

Tea tree oil has been proposed as a potential treatment for lice given its antimicrobial properties.

One study published in Parasitology Research found that 1% tea tree oil killed head lice within 30 minutes. The authors also showed that 0.5% tea tree oil with 1% nerolidol effectively eliminated both lice and lice eggs. (19)

Preliminary data shows tea tree oil can eradicate head lice.

7. Controls Dandruff

You probably know about dandruff already, thanks to the millions spent each year on shampoo ads.

Research shows that dandruff might be caused by an overactive yeast (Pityrosporum ovale). Tea tree oil is naturally antifungal and may help control dandruff.

In a 2002 study, researchers tested a 5% tea tree oil shampoo against a placebo in a single-blinded trial with 126 patients. The tea tree oil group reported a 41% reduction in dandruff severity and significant improvement in patient self-assessments of itchiness and greasiness. (20)

Tea tree oil shampoo is very effective for reducing dandruff.

8. Natural Deodorant

Tea tree oil's antibacterial properties also makes it an awesome natural deodorant. The plant oil has a strong medicinal smell that can mask unpleasant body odors.

Contrary to popular belief, body odor is not caused by excessive sweat. It's actually the combination of chemicals in your sweat and bacteria living on your skin that creates bad BO.

Tea tree oil kills the bacteria responsible for body odors.

9. Relieves Eczema

Opened Bottle of Tea Tree Oil

Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by red patches of dry skin and relentless itching. Some believe tea tree oil's anti-inflammatory properties could help relieve eczema symptoms.

One study in 2011 discovered that tea tree oil reduced contact dermatitis, a form of eczema, by 40.5% compared to 23.5% for clobetasone butyrate and 17.4% for zinc oxide.

This points to a strong role for tea tree oil in treating eczema. (21)

Tea tree oil can help relieve itchiness and redness associated with eczema.

10. Eradicates Scabies

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, scabies is an infestation caused by tiny mites (Sarcoptes scabiei) that live on the skin.

When these mites burrow and lay eggs, the skin breaks out in extremely itchy rashes.

Some think tea tree oil could be used for scabies, particularly as mites are developing resistance to conventional therapy.

A study at Flinders University found that 5% tea tree oil and its primary component, terpinen-4-ol, was "highly effective in reducing mite survival times". (22)

Tea tree oil may help with scabies.

11. Prevents Cold Sores

Tea tree oil can prevent and even cure recurrent cold sores.

Studies show that tea tree oil inhibits herpes simplex virus 1, which is responsible for cold sores. At a concentration of 0.003%, tea tree oil inhibited HSV-1 by 98.2%. (6)

Tea tree oil can effectively inhibit HSV-1 (cold sores).

12. Treats Yeast Infections

The fungi Candida albicans is often responsible for oral and vaginal yeast infections (also called thrush).

Tea tree oil is naturally fungicidal and may help eliminate yeast infections.

Clinical results have been mixed. Early studies showed that tea tree oil was toxic to Candida albicans. (1)

More recent studies, however, suggest it is only effective at certain concentrations against certain fungi, or when combined with conventional treatment. (23)

Tea tree oil may help with yeast infections but clinical evidence is mixed.

13. Gets Rid of Ringworm

Ringworm is a common fungal infection related to athlete's foot and nail fungus. It has a characteristic red circular shape and may feel itchy.

Since there is good evidence that tea tree oil works for fungal infections, it's believed that it would also work on ringworm. (12, 14)

Tea tree oil is antifungal and may help with ringworm.

14. Alleviates Congestion

For hundreds of years, Australian Aborigines used tea tree leaves for coughs and colds.

The next time you feel under the weather, try adding a few drops of tea tree oil to a hot bath to relieve congestion and cold symptoms.

You can also use an essential oil diffuser to kill pathogens in the air and help you breathe more easily.

Try adding tea tree oil to your bath or essential oil diffuser.

15. Fights MRSA Infections

Antibiotic-resistant super bugs like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are a growing concern around the world.

Much of the research into tea tree oil has explored its potential to replace conventional antibiotics.

Researchers at the University of Western Australia oversaw an 18-month study of 180 hospital patients.

Half the group used tea tree oil-based body wash and creams while the other half used routine treatments.

By the end of the trial, 21% of the tea tree oil group were no longer infected compared to 23% of those who underwent routine treatment. (3)

Tea tree oil can kill super bugs like MRSA and reduce dependence on conventional antibiotics.

Safety Tips for Tea Tree Oil

All essential oils are highly potent and may cause severe damage if used incorrectly.

Skin irritation is the most common complaint. Avoid using the oil neat (undiluted) as this frequently causes irritation and sensitivity.

Researchers believe oxidized tea tree oil is the main reason for adverse reactions. Exposure to air, light, and heat cause tea tree oil to oxidize so make sure you discard opened bottles after 12 months.

DO NOT DRINK TEA TREE OIL.

It is poisonous if taken orally. There have been cases of accidental poisoning but no deaths have been reported. Keep tea tree oil stored away from children and pets.

The incidence of severe side effects has been low (less than 0.0016%) according to the Australian Tea Tree Industry Association. (3)

How to Use Tea Tree Oil

You'll almost always want to dilute tea tree oil before using to avoid skin irritation.

Carrier oils such as jojoba oil are a good choice. Aloe vera and honey are also recommended for additional anti-inflammatory benefits.

Before trying any DIY recipes, do a patch test first to check if your skin reacts to tea tree oil.

Remember, just because it's "natural" doesn't mean it can't damage your skin or body.

How to Buy Tea Tree Oil

Here are some tips on buying a high quality tea tree oil:

Keep in mind that tea tree oil oxidizes over time so it's best to use the oil within 12 months of opening.

References

  1. Carson, C. F., Hammer, K. A., & Riley, T. V. (2006). Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil: A Review of Antimicrobial and Other Medicinal Properties. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1360273/
  2. Tea Tree Oil: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-113/tea-tree-oil
  3. The Effectiveness and Safety of Australian Tea Tree Oil (Rep.). (2007). Retrieved January 26, 2019, from Australian Government Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation website: https://www.agrifutures.com.au/wp-content/uploads/publications/07-143.pdf
  4. Brophy, J. J., N. W. Davies, I. A. Southwell, I. A. Stiff, and L. R. Williams (1989). Gas chromatographic quality control for oil of Melaleuca terpinen-4-ol type (Australian tea tree). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf00089a027
  5. Bishop, C. D. (1995). Antiviral activity of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden & Betche) Cheel (tea tree) against tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of Essential Oil Research. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10412905.1995.9700519
  6. Schnitzler, P., K. Schön, and J. Reichling (2001). Antiviral activity of Australian tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil against herpes simplex virus in cell culture. Pharmazie. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11338678
  7. Hart, P. H., C. Brand, C. F. Carson, T. V. Riley, R. H. Prager, and J. J. Finlay-Jones (2000). Terpinen-4-ol, the main component of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil), suppresses inflammatory mediator production by activated human monocytes. Inflammation Research. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11131302/
  8. Koh, K. J., A. L. Pearce, G. Marshman, J. J. Finlay-Jones, and P. H. Hart (2002). Tea tree oil reduces histamine-induced skin inflammation. British Journal of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12452873/
  9. Pearce, A., J. J. Finlay-Jones, and P. H. Hart (2005). Reduction of nickel-induced contact hypersensitivity reactions by topical tea tree oil in humans. Inflammation Research. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15723201/
  10. Bassett, I. B., D. L. Pannowitz, and R. S. Barnetson (1990). A comparative study of tea-tree oil versus benzoyl peroxide in the treatment of acne. Medical Journal of Australia. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2145499
  11. Jooya, A., Siadat, A., Iraji, F., & Enshaieh, S. (2007). The efficacy of 5% topical tea tree oil gel in mild to moderate acne vulgaris: A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17314442
  12. Tong, M. M., P. M. Altman, and R. S. Barnetson (1992). Tea tree oil in the treatment of tinea pedis. Australasian Journal of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1303075
  13. Satchell, A. C., A. Saurajen, C. Bell, and R. S. Barnetson (2002). Treatment of interdigital tinea pedis with 25% and 50% tea tree oil solution: a randomized, placebo controlled, blinded study. Australasian Journal of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12121393
  14. Buck, D. S., D. M. Nidorf, and J. G. Addino (1994). Comparison of two topical preparations for the treatment of onychomycosis: Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and clotrimazole. Journal of Family Practice. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8195735
  15. Syed, T. A., Z. A. Qureshi, S. M. Ali, S. Ahmad, and S. A. Ahmad (1999). Treatment of toenail onychomycosis with 2% butenafine and 5% Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil in cream. Tropical Medicine and International Health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10357864
  16. Messager, S., Hammer, K., Carson, C., & Riley, T. (2005). Effectiveness of hand-cleansing formulations containing tea tree oil assessed ex vivo on human skin and in vivo with volunteers using European standard EN 1499. Journal of Hospital Infection. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15694979/
  17. Tea Tree / Hydrogel Dressings Used in Wound Care (Rep.). (2005). Retrieved January 27, 2019, from Australian Government Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation website: https://www.agrifutures.com.au/wp-content/uploads/publications/05-114.pdf
  18. Chin, K. B., & Cordell, B. (2013). The Effect of Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) on Wound Healing Using a Dressing Model. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23848210
  19. Campli, E. D., Bartolomeo, S. D., & Pizzi, P. D. (2012). Activity of tea tree oil and nerolidol alone or in combination against Pediculus capitis (head lice) and its eggs. Parasitology Research. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22847279
  20. Satchell, A. C., Saurajen, A., Bell, C., & Barnetson, R. S. (2002). Treatment of dandruff with 5% tea tree oil shampoo. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12451368
  21. Wallengren, J. (2011). Tea tree oil attenuates experimental contact dermatitis. Archives of Dermatological Research. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20865268
  22. Walton, S.f., Mckinnon, M., Pizzutto, S. (2004). Acaricidal activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil: in vitro sensitivity of sarcoptes scabiei var hominis to terpinen-4-ol. Archives of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15148100
  23. Can You Use Tea Tree Oil for a Yeast Infection? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/tea-tree-oil-for-yeast-infection
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